U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Intelligence-Led Policing: Conceptual and Functional Considerations for Public Policy

NCJ Number
Criminal Justice Policy Review Volume: 20 Issue: 3 Dated: September 2009 Pages: 310-325
David L. Carter; Jeremy G. Carter
Date Published
September 2009
16 pages
This paper examines the conceptual foundation for intelligence-led policing (ILP) in the United States as influenced by the British experience, public policy standards, and the integration of ILP with community policing.
Historically, the vast majority of American law enforcement agencies have had no intelligence capacity or training on the intelligence process. However, policing in the post-9/11 era is experiencing a philosophical change that is expanding community- and problem-oriented policing to include intelligence-led policing (ILP). Building on the British experience, American policing has faced many challenges in the application of ILP. It is argued that although the British experience with intelligence-led policing (ILP) has provided an important foundation for United States initiatives, there are important differences in legacy and functional responsibilities limiting the complete adoption of the British model. Among the limitations has been the array of post-9/11 Federal standards for the American law enforcement intelligence process. It is argued that law enforcement must revisit operational policies and adjust their organization to reflect this new policing model. This paper discusses the conceptual foundation for ILP as influenced by the British experience and examines significant policy developments in the United States influencing the adoption of ILP by American law enforcement agencies. It is argued that ILP is a complementary expansion of the community policing concept. Table, notes, and references