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Inter-Domain Work-Family, Family-Work Conflict and Police Work Satisfaction

NCJ Number
Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management Volume: 27 Issue: 3 Dated: 2004 Pages: 380-395
W. Gary Howard; Heather Howard Donofrio; James S. Boles
Lawrence F. Travis III
Date Published
16 pages
This study examined work-family or family-work conflict as possible predictors of police job satisfaction.
Understanding the importance of satisfaction in the workplace considers the importance in discovering the inter-relationships between both work-family conflict and family-work conflict. Work-family conflict occurs when participation in the family role is made more difficult by participation in the work role. Family-work conflict occurs when family responsibilities conflict with an individual’s work-related duties. The study investigated this relationship of inter-domain conflict with various facets of employee job satisfaction. Data were collected from city and county police officers in a large southeastern State in the United States. Questionnaires were distributed to 160 full-time sworn officers with 119 completed and returned. The study examined satisfaction with work, promotion, pay, supervision, co-workers, and job in general. Regression analysis was used to test the effects of work-family and family-work conflict on the facets of job satisfaction. Study findings revealed that work-family conflict and family-work conflict were related to the job satisfaction law enforcement officers’ experienced. The findings suggest that increased levels of work-family conflict are negatively related to several different facets of employee job-related satisfaction, and responsibilities in the workplace and responsibilities at home could not be perceived as mutually exclusive entities in employees’ lives. Tables, references, appendix