U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Just Science Podcast: Forensic Science Failure Mode And Effects Analysis Application

NCJ Number
Date Published
June 2024

Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is a risk management tool that identifies and quantifies the influence of failures or potential failures in processes or activities. The application automates FMEA by evaluating the level of risk associated with an area of concern or non-conformance in forensic laboratory processes. The application calculates a Risk Priority Number (RPN) that shows the level of risk associated with a failure or potential failure and the action required to mitigate that risk. The RPN is derived from a severity, occurrence, and detection matrix, which has been customized for forensic science service providers (FSSPs). The application provides an option to export to excel to save the data or export to PDF to retain a record of the risk assessment.