U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Justice for All: Trauma and the Need for Safety and Fairness Within Juvenile Justice Facilities.

NCJ Number
Criminal Justice and Behavior Volume: 46 Issue: 1 Dated: 2019 Pages: 63-81
Maya Lujan; Amanda M. Fanniff
Date Published
19 pages
This study examined three subgroups within a sample of 176 male adolescents adjudicated for a sexual offense, with the subgroups determined by the age of their victims, a popular method of subtyping that has mixed empirical support.
The offenders had been court-ordered to participate in a community-based collaborative intervention program that integrated treatment and probation services. Differences were expected between groups based on theories regarding victim-age-based subtypes, in addition to differences consistently identified in prior research. Results indicate that these three subgroups were more similar than different, although some expected differences were found. Juveniles with child victims were more likely to have male victims and biologically related victims. Juveniles with peer/adult victims were more likely to have poor monitoring by their parents and were more likely to have been arrested again. Juveniles with mixed types of victims appeared similar to juveniles with child victims on some variables and similar to those with peer/adult victims on others. Treatment implications and future directions for research are discussed. The study suggests that offender typologies based on the clinical characteristics of the youth rather than offense characteristics may have more promise for identifying meaningful subgroups. (publisher abstract modified)