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Predicting Juvenile Recidivism Using the San Diego Regional Resiliency Check-Up

NCJ Number
Federal Probation Volume: 73 Issue: 3 Dated: December 2009 Pages: 46-49
Natalie Pearl; Rundee G.P. Ashcraft; Kari A. Geis
Date Published
December 2009
4 pages
This article reports on a study that replicated Turner and Fain's published research (2006) regarding the predictive validity of the San Diego Risk and Resiliency Checkup (SDRRC), which is a 60-item measure of risk and protective factors related to a juvenile's functioning.
Based on the combined strength of the previous research (Turner and Fain) and the study reported in this article, the authors conclude that the SDRRC is a validated risk/need assessment tool grounded in empirical research. The risk factors in the SDRRC are designed to measure the level of dysfunction in a youth's life, and protective factors measure the extent to which a minor has "protection" or positive factors in his/her life. The risk and protective items measured on the SDRRC are divided into six domains: individual factors, delinquency factors, family factors, educational factors, substance-use factors, and peer factors. The SDRRC is designed to be administered at the time of the initial investigation and then again every 6 months during the period of community supervision. The current study found that the Delinquency domain scale score showed predictive validity over and above other common factor related to recidivistic behavior, such as age at first offense. Although all of the total scales and domain scales were predictive of recidivistic behavior, the Delinquency domain scale had the strongest and most consistent relationship. Information was collected for all 6,766 juveniles referred to the San Diego County Probation Department in 2004 who had an SDRRC completed. For youth with multiple SDRRC administrations in 2004, the first SDRRC administered in 2004 was used for the current study. Data on independent and dependent variables were collected from probation department electronic databases and the San Diego County District Attorney automated files. 8 tables and 9 references