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Preparing for Terrorism: Tools for Evaluating the Metropolitan Medical Response System Program

NCJ Number
Frederick J. Manning, Louis Goldfrank
Date Published
329 pages
This report provides a set of measurement tools and describes a process for evaluating the extent to which communities have implemented the plans required by the Metropolitan Medical Response System (MMRS) program to achieve real preparedness in the event of a terrorist attack in a major U.S. city.
This report provides the managers of the MMRS program, and others concerned about local capabilities, to cope with chemical, biological, and radiological (CBR) terrorism with three evaluation tools and a three-part assessment method. The tools provided are a questionnaire survey eliciting feedback about the management of the MMRS program, a table of preparedness indicators for 23 essential response capabilities, and a set of 3 scenarios and related questions for group discussion. The assessment method integrates document inspection, a site visit by a team of expert peer reviewers, and observations at community exercises and drills. Topic areas include an executive summary, introduction, community emergency management and available Federal assistance, Federal efforts to increase State and local preparedness for terrorism, metropolitan medical response system program contracts, measurement and data collection in evaluation, preparedness indicators, feedback to Office of Emergency Preparedness on program management and success, and closing remarks concerning strategic use of evaluation data and suggestions for program amendments. A biological scenario for anthrax, a chemical scenario for sarin, and a radiological scenario for plutonium are provided along with a list of potential participants, an instructors background information on the incident including three scenes and related questions for each scenario. A list of source references, appendices, tables, figures, and box are included.