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Prison Education in India

NCJ Number
Social Defence Volume: 19 Issue: 73 Dated: (July 1983) Pages: 33-45
Q Hayat
Date Published
13 pages

A descriptive analysis of inmate education programs in India concludes that numerous difficulties are preventing the provision of adequate educational programming and that the current structure of prison education needs a complete revamping.


Numerous reports dating from the end of the 19th century have pointed to the need for educational programs in prisons. However, the basic penal philosophy is one of deterrence and retribution. Prisoner education remains largely neglected. The prison education program includes both general education and vocational education. However, the number of trained teachers is insufficient, and no supervisory staff is provided. No modern program of vocational training exists. Prison libraries are inadequate. Barriers to improvement of educational programs include the negative attitudes of fellow inmates toward prisoners involved in educational programs and the lack of separate rooms for classes. Inadequate textbooks and fundings, poor pay for teachers, and administrators' attitudes are further problems. Recommended changes are revision of courses, instilling positive attitudes toward inmate education, separate school buildings and classrooms, adequate pay for staff, and control of inmate education by the State Board of Education. Further needs are proper supplying and staffing of libraries, improved vocational education, provision of television and radio facilities to inmates, and adequate funding. Two references are listed.