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Public Policy Towards Individuals Involved in Competition- law Offences in Canada (From Corporate Crime: Contemporary Debates, P 214-242, 1995, Frank Pearce and Laureen Snider, eds. - See NCJ-160666)

NCJ Number
W T Stanbury
Date Published
29 pages
This analysis of the history of law enforcement against individuals and companies involved in conspiracy, misleading advertising, price maintenance, and unfair competition in Canada argues that individuals, as well as corporations, where appropriate, should be held accountable for illegal anti- competitive acts.
However, until 1991, holding individuals accountable has not been the practice under Canada's Competition Act or Combines Investigation Act, its predecessor, which was in effect from 1889 to 1986. Arguments for holding the individual accountable relate to the literature of social psychology and deterrence as well as organizational theory. Sanctions against individuals have been small in relation to the harm done, but they have increased in recent decades. Analysis of the politics of business law from its instigation to its enforcement clearly demonstrates the success of business interests in shaping law, regulatory agencies, and the judiciary to their own advantage. Tables and notes