Hundreds of rounds of dummy ammunititon should be worked through the action, loading, unloading, and dry-firing until the recruits can grasp the mechanics of the weapon. When introduced to the range, several rounds of skeet or trap will suffice to give the recruit firing experience. The instructor should demonstrate the pattern of buckshot and the impact of the rifled slug, emphasizing the devastating effects of both. The final stage of training should be a course of fire using the shotgun and handgun in combination. Recruits should be graded on proficiency and their mistakes scrutinized. Every officer should realize the area buckshot covers at all ranges. Pattern size and point of impact vary from weapon to weapon even though they are of the same make and model. The shotgun is versatile enough to be loaded with birdshot, buckshot, slugs, or tear gas. In particular, the slug gives maximum stopping power and tremendous penetration, and increases the shotgun's maximum effective range to that of a carbine. The 12 gauge is the most practical shotgun for police use; various actions, such as the slide-action, are acceptable. The article lists and describes available shotgun makes, including models made by Remington Arms, O.F. Mossberg and Sons, Smith and Wesson. It lists the sizes of buckshot available. Photographs are included.