Neighborhoods have patterns of public interaction between residents and physical signs of the behavior patterns of residents which precipitate either a sense of social order or disorder in residents. When public interactions among residents are characterized by conflict, aggression, and insensitivity, fear of crime and a sense of insecurity is fostered. Relationships characterized by courtesy, helpfulness, and harmony nurture a sense of social order and safety. Further, physical signs in the neighborhood, such as abandoned and burned-out buildings, unkept property, vandalism, and juveniles hanging out on the street corner, can give residents a sense of social disorder that helps to produce a fear of crime. Daily encounters with signs of incivility and social disorder heighten the fear of crime, even though actual victimization may not have occurred. Within areas of a city, incivility and crime may be empirically correlated. Incivility would then be a symbolic cue to the heightened possibility for more serious criminal victimization. Signs of social disorder in a neighborhood also tend to produce skepticism about the effectiveness of government and public agencies in maintaining social order.