According to results from a Bureau of Justice Statistics survey, from 2019 to 2020, the number of adults entering parole decreased from an estimated 442,800 to 392,400 in the United States.
Following incarceration, the needs of individuals reentering their communities are profound and wide-ranging, creating a high need for services to assist them in what can be a complex transition.
Through various programs, the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) helps state, local and tribal jurisdictions improve the capacity and effectiveness of their reentry programs to increase the success of those returning to their communities. To aid tribal justice system practitioners in creating or enhancing reentry programs, BJA supported the development of Planning a Reentry Program: A Toolkit for Tribal Communities.
Additionally, the National Reentry Resource Center, which is supported by BJA and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, serves as the nation’s primary source of information and guidance in reentry.
Juvenile reentry and community supervision programs supported through OJJDP help ensure that youth have the opportunities they need to become productive, law-abiding members of society upon returning to their communities. To help young people prepare for their reentry into the community, OJJDP developed the toolkit Reentry Starts Here: A Guide for Youth in Long-Term Juvenile Corrections and Treatment Programs, which discusses planning for reentry and explains some of the services available to youth upon their release.
Research and evaluation supported by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) covers a wide range of reentry-related issues. In particular, NIJ published a series of three white papers that discuss specific challenges in reentry — the payment of fines and fees, securing employment and access to human services post-release.
The First Step Act (FSA) of 2018 aims to reduce recidivism and reform the federal prison system so that those exiting the system do not return. The Act gives NIJ a key role in evaluating existing prisoner risk and needs assessment systems and developing new models.
Visit the following pages for additional resources from the Office of Justice Programs and other federal sources: