U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Appeals from General Civil Trials in 46 Large Counties, 2001-2005

NCJ Number
Date Published
July 2006
15 pages
Thomas H Cohen Ph.D.
Publication Series
Publication Type
This report presents information on general civil cases concluded by bench or jury trial in 2001 that were subsequently appealed to a State's intermediate appellate court or court of last resort.
Information presented includes the flow of civil cases through the appeals process and the effect of appeals on trial court outcomes. The report describes the types of civil bench and jury trials appealed, the characteristics of litigants filing an appeal, the frequency in which appellate courts affirm, reverse, or modify trial court outcomes, and the percentage of appeals that produced a published opinion. Cases further appealed from an intermediate appellate court to a State court of last resort and the impact of that final level of appeal on litigation outcomes are also described. This report is part of a series examining civil litigation in the United States. Highlights include the following: Among tort trial cases concluded in 2001, litigants filed appeals in approximately 33 percent of product liability and 18 percent of medical malpractice trials; 43 percent of civil appeals were dismissed or withdrawn prior to disposition; and trial court verdicts or judgments that found for plaintiffs were reversed or modified on appeal at higher rates compared to trial court outcomes favoring defendants. 14 tables, Appendix A-F
Date Created: April 30, 2018