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Census of Jail Facilities, 2006

NCJ Number
230188
Date Published
Agencies
BJS
Publication Type
Report
Annotation
This study presents findings from a series of complete enumerations of local jails since 1970.
Abstract
This study presents findings on the number of jurisdictions by size, incarceration rates, judicial sanctions, jail staff, and the number operated publically or under contract to county or city governments. The data include changes in the number of jurisdictions and facilities, functions, confined inmates, and inmate-to-staff ratios. Findings show that a total of 3,283 jail facilities, including jails in the Federal system, were operating in 2006, down 93 from 3,376 in 1999; private and public entities under contract to local governments operated 37 jail facilities in 2006, down from 47 in 1999; and as the number of confined jail inmates increased faster than the number of jail staff, the number of confined inmates per employee rose from 2.9 in 1999 to 3.3 in 2006. Also found was that the number of jail jurisdictions in the U.S. decreased from 3,000 in 1999 to 2,860 in 2006; hospitalization or medical treatment confinement was a function of 421 local jail facilities; private and public entities under contract to local governments operated 37 jail facilities in 2006, down from 47 in 1999; and about 7 percent of jail jurisdictions were under court order or consent decree to limit the size of the inmate population in 2006, down from about 11 percent in 1999. Data were gathered from all jail detention facilities holding inmates beyond arraignment, a period normally exceeding 72 hours. Included in the census were 2,859 local jail jurisdictions made up of 3,271 city, county, or privately operated jail facilities intended for adults, but sometimes holding juveniles (defined as persons under age 18), and 12 Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) facilities that functioned as jails. 14 tables and 1 figure
Date Created: May 2, 2018