U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Correctional Populations in the United States, 1996, Executive Summary

NCJ Number
Date Published
April 1999
4 pages
Publication Type
An estimated 5.5 million adult residents of the United States were under some form of correctional supervision in 1996, and 7 in 10 of these people were on probation or parole.
The figure of 5.5 million represented about 2.8 percent of all adult residents of the United States. About 9 percent of black adults, 2 percent of white adults, and 1.3 percent of adults of other races were under correctional supervision in 1996. Local jails held an estimated 510,400 adults, and men comprised 89 percent of adult jail inmates. White non-Hispanic inmates accounted for 42 percent of the total jail population, with blacks and Hispanics accounting for 41 percent and 16 percent, respectively. Nearly 3.2 million adults were on probation on December 31, 1996, and probationers made up 57 percent of all adults under correctional supervision; 21 percent of probationers were women, 66 percent were white, and 32 percent were black. Between 1995 and 1996, the number of adults on probation increased by 83,834 (2.7 percent). An estimated 1.1 million men and women were in the custody of State and Federal prisons at the end of 1996, and approximately 94 percent were men. The number of State and Federal inmates rose by 54,237 (5 percent) during 1996. An estimated 704,700 adults were on parole at the end of 1996, an increase of 0.6 percent over 1995. Among persons released from prison in 1996, 73 percent were placed on probation, parole, or some other type of conditional release. During 1996, 299 inmates were received under sentence of death by State and Federal prisons, and 99 had their death sentences removed by means other than execution. At the end of 1996, the Army, Marine Corps, and Navy held a total of 2,747 prisoners in 28 facilities. Statistics are provided on inmate offenses, sentences, and drug use and treatment. 1 table and 1 figure
Date Created: July 5, 2018