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HIV in Prisons and Jails, 1996

NCJ Number
Date Published
July 1999
15 pages
Laura M. Maruschak
Publication Series
This is a review of HIV in prisons and jails in 1996.
At year-end 1996, 2.3 percent of all State and Federal prison inmates were known to be infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). A total of 24,881 prison inmates (947 Federal and 23,934 State) were HIV-positive. They accounted for 1.0 percent of Federal prison inmates and 2.4 percent of State prison inmates. Of those known to be HIV-positive in all U.S. prisons, 5,874 were confirmed AIDS cases, while the remaining 17,656 either showed symptoms of HIV infection or were asymptomatic. The document discusses: (1) Trends in HIV Infection in U.S. Prisons; (2) Confirmed AIDS Cases in U.S. Prisons; (3) Comparison to the U.S. Resident Population ; (4) HIV Infection of Male and Female State Prison Inmates; (5) AIDS-Related Deaths in State Prisons; (6) HIV Prevalence Rates and Testing Policies; (7) HIV/AIDS Reported in Personal Interviews; (8) HIV-Positive Prison Inmates, by Offense and Prior Drug Use; (9) HIV Infection of Local Jail Inmates; (10) HIV Test Results for Local Jail Inmates, by Inmate Characteristic; (11) Percent HIV Positive Among Jail Inmates, by Offense and Prior Drug Use; and (12) Methodology. Tables

Date Created: September 13, 2012