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Mortality in Local Jails and State Prisons, 2000-2010 Statistical Tables

NCJ Number
Date Published
December 2012
28 pages
Margaret E. Noonan
This report presents national and State-level data on the number of inmate deaths that occurred in local jails and State prisons, including aggregated data on deaths in Federal prisons.
This report presents findings by year from 2000 to 2010 and analyzes 11-year trends in deaths in custody. Also provided are mortality rates per 100,000 inmates in custody in jail or prison, detailed cause of death (including deaths attributed to homicide, suicide, illness, intoxication, and accidental injury), as well as decedents' characteristics (including age, race/Hispanic origin, sex, legal status, and time served). Results indicate that the number of inmates who died while in the custody of local jails declined in 2010, falling to 918 from the 951 deaths in 2009, representing the third consecutive annual decrease since the number of jail deaths peaked at 1,100 in 2007; in 2010, males accounted for nearly 9 out of 10 jail inmate deaths (88 percent). In any single year between 2000 and 2010, males accounted for no less than 87 percent of jail deaths, California, Texas, New York, and Florida together reported about a third of jail deaths in 2010, and the largest jail populations, comprising 32 percent of the total jail population in 2010; the number of inmates who died while in the custody of State prisons declined from 3,414 in 2009 to 3,232 in 2010, for a total decrease of 5 percent, which is the largest decline in the number of prison deaths since the DCRP began collecting prisoner mortality data in 2001; in 2010, males accounted for nearly all prisoner deaths (96 percent), and in any single year between 2001 and 2010, males accounted for no less than 95 percent of prison deaths. Data were collected from the Bureau of Justice Statistics' Deaths in Custody Reporting Program (DCRP), and the National Prisoner Statistics series. Tables and figures

Date Created: December 13, 2012