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Mortality in Local Jails and State Prisons, 2000-2011 - Statistical Tables

NCJ Number
Date Published
August 2013
41 pages
Margaret E. Noonan; Scott Ginder
Statistical tables on deaths of inmates in local jails and State prisons between 2000 and 2011 include information on the causes and circumstances of inmate deaths and trends by cause of death, selected decedent characteristics, and mortality rates for jail and prison inmates by State.
In 2011, 4,238 inmates died while housed in local jails or State prisons, a 2-percent increase (88 deaths) from 2010. Jails reported 33 fewer deaths in 2011 than in 2010. Heart disease and suicide continued to be the two leading causes of death in local jails, accounting for 61 percent of all jail deaths in 2011. The mortality rate in jails (122 deaths per 100,000 inmates) decreased 2 percent from 2010 to 2011, continuing a general decline in mortality rates first observed in 2008. Heart disease and suicide mortality rates remained relatively stable between 2010 and 2011. Over the 12 years between 2000 and 2011, suicide accounted for an annual average of 41 deaths per 100,000 jail inmates, and heart disease accounted for 31 deaths per 100,000. Mortality rates in State prisons have been nearly stable since 2001. Males accounted for 87 percent of deaths in local jails in 2011; Whites accounted for 59 percent of deaths in local jails in the same year. The mortality rate for Black inmates (89 per 100,000) in 2011 was the lowest mortality rate among Black inmates since the Deaths in Custody Reporting Program (DCRP) began collecting data in 2000. 37 tables and 2 figures

Date Created: August 13, 2013