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PREA Data Collection Activities, 2011

NCJ Number
Date Published
May 2011
4 pages
Allen J. Beck
This report from the Bureau of Justice Statistics presents statistical data and analysis of the incidence and effects of prison rape as reported in three surveys: the National Survey of Youth in Custody, the National Inmate Survey, and the Survey of Sexual Violence.
Results from the National Survey of Youth in Custody (NSYC) found that for the period 2008-2009: approximately 12 percent of youth in State juvenile facilities and large non-State facilities reported experiencing one or more incidents of sexual victimization by another youth or facility staff in the past 12 months; about 2.6 percent reported an incident involving another youth, and 10.3 percent reported an incident involving facility staff; and about 4.3 percent reported having sex or other sexual contact with facility staff as a result of some type of force or threat of force. Data for the NSYC were obtained from 9,198 completed interviews with adjudicated youth in 166 State facilities and 29 large locally or privately operated facilities. Results from the National Inmate Survey (NIS) found that for 2008-2009, an estimated 4.4 percent of prison inmates and 3.1 percent of jail inmates reported experiencing one or more incidents of sexual victimization by another inmate or staff member in the past 12 months. Data for the NIS were obtained from surveys of 81,566 inmates in 167 State and Federal prisons, 286 local jails, and 10 special correctional facilities. Results from the Survey of Sexual Violence (SSV) indicate that: in 2008, there were 7,444 allegations of sexual victimization compared to 7,374 in 2007; since 2005, the number of allegations of sexual victimization have increased by 21 percent; in 2008, 13 percent of allegations were substantiated; and about 54 percent of substantiated incidents of sexual victimization involved only inmates, with 18 percent of those incidents reporting injuries. Data for the SSV are collected annually as mandated by the Prison Rape Elimination Act on the incidence of sexual violence in adult and juvenile correctional facilities. Lists of previously released reports and reports due to be published in 2011 are included.

Date Created: June 29, 2012