This report summarizes the data-collection activities of the U.S. Justice Department's Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) for 2018 and 2019 under the mandate of the federal Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) of 2003, which requires BJS to conduct a comprehensive statistical review and analysis of the incidence and effects of prison rape for each calendar year.
The PREA further requires that this annual review and analysis be based on a random sample, or other scientifically appropriate sample, of not less than 10 percent of all federal, state, and county prisons and a representative sample of municipal prisons. In order to implement these PREA requirements, BJS has developed a data-collection strategy that involves multiple measures and modes. BJS's PREA data collection activities for 2018 and 2019 are described for the National Survey of Youth in Custody (NSYC), the National Inmate Survey (NIS), and the Survey of Sexual Victimization (SSV). The NSYC provides facility-level estimates of youth reporting sexual victimization in juvenile facilities. The evolution of the methodology of the NSYC in its three administrations through 2018 are plans for collecting 2019 data are described. The NIS collects data on the prevalence and incidence of sexual assault in adult prisons and local jails as reported by the inmates. The fourth wave of the NIS administration will collect data for state and federal prisons during 2020 and in local jails during 2020-21. The methodology is outlined in this report. The SSV is an administrative data collection based on official records kept by correctional facilities in the United States. The survey measures five types of sexual victimization. Data collection for the 2018 reference year will begin in August 2019 and the survey is expected to be completed by January 2020. Upcoming reports in 2019 and previously released reports are listed.