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Probation and Parole in the United States, 2016

NCJ Number
Date Published
April 2018
Danielle Kaeble
Publication Series
Publication Type
Statistics, Report (Technical Assistance), Report (Summary), Report (Annual/Periodic), Reference Material
The U.S. Justice Department's Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) presents data on adults under community supervision (probation and parole) at year-end 2016.
At year-end 2016, an estimated 4,537,100 adults were under community supervision, a decrease of 49,800 offenders (1.1-percent decrease) from January 1, 2016. The total number of probationers and parolees in 2016 was at its lowest level since 1999, continuing a decline that began in 2008. The adult probation population declined 1.4 percent from January 1, 2016, to December 1, 2016, falling by 52,500 (to 3,673,100). Entries and exits of probationers increased 1.8 percent from 2015 (4.0 million) in 2016 (4.1 million). This increase was the first in 7 years. The adult parole population increased 0.5 percent (up 4,300) from year-end 2015 to an estimated 874,800 at year-end 2016. This was the third consecutive year the parole population increased, but the smallest increase since 2010 (0.3 percent). Movement onto and off parole decreased from 938,900 offenders in 2015 to 913,100 in 2016 (457,100). Exits from parole decreased from an estimated 463,700 in 2015 to 456,000 in 2016. 12 tables and 5 figures
Date Created: April 26, 2018