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Using Your WITS: A 6-Year Follow-Up of a Peer Victimization Prevention Program

NCJ Number
School Psychology Review Volume: 41 Issue: 2 Dated: 2012 Pages: 193-214
Date Published
22 pages

The current study examined the effects of a community-based, whole-school peer victimization prevention program (WITS Primary Program) implemented from grades 1 to 3, on trajectories of child-reported peer victimization and help-seeking, as well as teacher-reported social-emotional adjustment from grades 1 to 6.


This quasi-experimental design followed a cohort of 432 children in 11 programs and 6 comparison public elementary schools over 6 years. There were significant and meaningful effects of the WITS Primary Program on linear changes in physical victimization (Cohen's d = .17), relational victimization (Cohen's d = .20), and social competence (Cohen's d = .20); significant and small effects on physical aggression (Cohen's d = .09); and insignificant effects for help-seeking and internalizing (Cohen's d values = .04 and .10, respectively) during elementary school. Following the transition into middle school, the program effects faded, except for some subgroups in high-risk contexts. The findings suggest that peer victimization prevention programming implemented in early elementary school may need to be sustained to maintain the promising early intervention gains through the transition into middle school. (publisher abstract modified)

Date Published: January 1, 2012