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The Benefits, Risks, and Challenges of Get-Tough and Support-Oriented Approaches to Improving School Safety

NCJ Number
Criminal Justice Policy Review Volume: 30 Issue: 9 Dated: 2018 Pages: 1342-1367
Daniel P. Mears; Andrea N. Montes; Nicole L. Collier; Sonja E. Siennick; George B. Pesta; Samantha J. Brown; Thomas G. Blomberg
Date Published
26 pages

Since schools have adopted get-tough policies and support-oriented policies, each of which creates not only potential benefits but also potential risks for youth delinquency and education, this study identified potential benefits and risks of get-tough approaches and support-oriented approaches, respectively, to reduce student delinquency.


The study also identified challenges that can arise when schools seek to balance both get-tough and support-oriented policies. These challenges are illustrated by drawing on prior scholarship related to these policies, as well as a process evaluation of a large metropolitan school district's pilot initiative to promote school safety and academic performance by assisting court-involved youth. Based on its findings, the study argues for developing a stronger empirical foundation for school-based approaches for improving school safety and educational outcomes for students. 1 table and 113 references (publisher abstract modified)