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Comparative Study of Women Trafficked in the Migration Process

NCJ Number
Janice G. Raymond Ph.D.; Jean D'Cunha Ph.D.; Siti Ruhaini Dzuhayatin; H. Patricia Hynes; Zoraida Ramirez Rodriguez Ph.D.; Aida Santos
Date Published
March 2002
245 pages
For this study, women survivors of trafficking and prostitution in the sex industry were interviewed over a period of 2 years by a cross-cultural research team comprised of activists and advocates in the campaign against violence against women from the five countries studied, the primary goal being to push the boundaries of narrow disciplinary and government thinking on trafficking and sexual exploitation of women and children.
Another goal of this project was to focus on the health effects of sex trafficking and ultimately address protection of the victims, prosecution of the traffickers, and prevention of trafficking. Oral interviews by means of a structured questionnaire, culturally specific in some cases, were conducted with a targeted population of 146 survivors, using a non-random sampling method. The interviewees were treated as "elite" or expert, in that they were deemed to know more about the area being studied than the interviewer. Data analysis focused on obtaining qualitative information from the women's personal experiences, and at the same time quantified the information about physical injuries and emotional consequences of the victims of exploitation. The report has two parts for each country, a literature review of migration trends, women's migration patterns, the national and regional political and socio-economic context for women's migration, and the general dimensions of migration. The second part contains the results, analysis, and discussions from the interviews with the victims of trafficking. Conclusions, policy, and practice recommendations are found in the third part. A list of reference sources is included.