U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Effect of Community-Based Interventions on High-Risk Drinking and Alcohol-Related Injuries

NCJ Number
Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) Volume: 284 Issue: 18 Dated: 2000 Pages: 2341-2347
Harold D. Holder ; Paul J. Gruenewald; William R. Ponicki ; Andrew J. Treno ; Joel W. Grube; Robert F. Salt; Robert B. Voas ; Robert Reynolds ; Johnetta Davis ; Linda Sanchez ; George Gaumont; Peter Roeper
Date Published
November 2000
7 pages

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of community-based environmental interventions in reducing the rate of high-risk drinking and alcohol-related motor vehicle injuries and assaults.


 A longitudinal multiple time series of 3 matched intervention communities (northern California, southern California, and South Carolina) conducted from April 1992 to December 1996. Outcomes were assessed by 120 general population telephone surveys per month of randomly selected individuals in the intervention and comparison sites, traffic data on motor vehicle crashes, and emergency department surveys in 1 intervention-comparison pair and 1 additional intervention site. Interventions Mobilize the community; encourage responsible beverage service; reduce underage drinking by limiting access to alcohol; increase local enforcement of drinking and driving laws; and limit access to alcohol by using zoning. Main outcome Measures were self-reported alcohol consumption and driving after drinking; rates of alcohol-related crashes and assault. (Published abstract provided)