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Landmine Monitor Report 2001

NCJ Number
Date Published
1180 pages
This book discusses the effects of the Mine Ban Treaty.
The Mine Ban Treaty is considered the only viable comprehensive framework for achieving a mine-free world. It is evident that the treaty, and the ban movement more generally, are making a significant difference. A growing number of governments are joining the Mine Ban Treaty and there is decreased use of antipersonnel mines, a dramatic drop in production, an almost complete halt to trade, rapid destruction of stockpiled mines, fewer mine victims in key affected countries, and more land de-mined. Despite the progress, the reality is that antipersonnel mines continue to be laid and to take far too many victims. A total of 140 countries have signed or acceded to the Mine Ban Treaty as of July 31, 2001, thereby legally committing themselves to no use of antipersonnel mines. A total of 117 of those countries have ratified or acceded, thereby fully committing to all the provisions of the treaty. Considering the relatively short time that this issue has been before the international community, the number of signatories and accessions is exceptional. This is a clear indication of the widespread international rejection of any use or possession of antipersonnel mines. Virtually all of the non-signatories have endorsed the notion of a comprehensive ban on antipersonnel mines at some point in time, and many have already at least partially embraced the Mine Ban Treaty. Nevertheless, there has been little or no change in the ban policies of some states in the past year, including the United States, Russia, and China. Universalization clearly remains the biggest challenge facing ban supporters. Increasing attention has been paid in 2000 and 2001 to the use of media, tools, and materials in mine awareness. Appendices