This handbook intends to provide accurate information on the statutes and regulations that mandate sex offender registration and notification as of September 2014; however, the handbook itself notes that such statutes and regulations are varied and complex, and it recommends that practitioners conduct their own research to confirm they are using the most current information available and applicable in their jurisdictions.
An overview of sex offender registration in the United States discusses such registration as a local activity, Federal minimum standards, the National Sex Offender Public Website, Federal law enforcement databases, Federal corrections, Federal law enforcement and investigations, and military registration. This overview of sex offender law and regulations in the United States is followed by a section that explains who is required to register as a sex offender. A separate section of the handbook addresses the registration of juvenile sex offenders. Court opinions regarding the retroactive application of sex offender registration and ex post facto consideration encompass significant decisions by the U.S. Supreme Court and State courts. Other constitutional issues related to sex offender registration and notification are addressed in another section of the handbook. Other sections of the handbook consider community notification, the consequences of failure to register, residency restrictions, sex offender registration and notification in Indian Country, international relocation and registration, and miscellaneous issues. The latter section focuses on defamation, deportation, the relevance of the Fair Credit Reporting Act, homeless and transient sex offenders, HUD housing, impeachment, and sentencing enhancement under Federal law. 154 notes
Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking (SMART)
US Dept of Justice Office of Justice Programs
810 7th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20531, United States
United States of America
Original issue September 2014, revised and updated December 2015.