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Short Form of the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales, and Typologies for Severity and Mutuality

NCJ Number
Violence and Victims Volume: 19 Issue: 5 Dated: October 2004 Pages: 507-520
Murray A. Straus; Emily M. Douglas
Date Published
October 2004
14 pages
This article attempts to extend the utility of the Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS), an instrument used to measure family violence, by making available a short-form of the Revised CTS (CTS2) to classify individuals on the basis of severity of behavior toward or by a partner and to classify couples on the basis of mutuality or symmetry of behavior.
The Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS) is a most widely used instrument in measuring intimate partner violence. The CTS includes scales to measure three tactics used when there is conflict in relationships of dating, cohabiting, or marital couples: negotiation, physical assault, and psychological aggression. This article presents a 20-question short-form of the Revised CTS (CTS2). The CTS2 short-form (CTS2S) was created in response to many requests since the CTS2 is much longer than the original CTS. The article provides procedures for using either the short-form, the CTS2S, or the Revised CTS, the CTS2, to classify respondents according to: (1) mutually exclusive categories according to the severity of the maltreatment of or by a partner and (2) categories to identify whether there was asymmetry or mutuality in violence. With the administration of the short-form being about 3 minutes, it makes this version of the CTS2 suitable for situations where the time for screening or research interviews is not sufficient for the full 78-question item, the CTS2. Results are promising, making it appropriate to investigate the validity of the short-form (CTS2S) using non-student and clinical samples. References