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UNAFEI Resource Material Series No. 70

NCJ Number
Simon Cornell
Date Published
November 2006
203 pages
This volume of the United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (UNAFEI) contains work produced at the 131st International Training Course in 2005 that focused on the use and application of the United Nations Declaration for Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power 20 years following its adoption.
The first article discusses strategic policy for victims of crime in Thailand, including major operations undertaken under the Victim Compensation and Restitution for the Accused Person Act and the Witness Protection Act by the Department of Rights and Liberties Protection, Ministry of Justice. While services for crime victims were initiated by community organizations during the 1970s, it was not until the 1980s that the victim’s rights movement gained momentum. At the time, the victims’ rights movement focused mainly on domestic violence against women and children and offenses against sexuality, particularly rape. The next two articles offer two parts of an analysis on victim protection under German criminal procedure law and on the portrayal of victim protection under German criminal procedure law. The analysis focuses on the possibilities available to victims for claiming material and immaterial compensation outside of criminal proceedings. The fourth article offers an overview of the emergence of the victims’ rights movement in the United States while the fifth article describes international measures to protect victims of crime and the abuse of power in the criminal justice process. The sixth article addresses the unequal treatment under the law and the critical poverty of marginalized Latin American populations. The way in which the absence of the rule of law contributes to poverty is considered, such as through unchecked abuses of political power, along with the obstacles to the equitable functioning of legal and judicial systems. The seventh article reviews the past, present, and future of victimology and the eighth article describes the Bangladesh criminal justice system in terms of how it complies with the United Nations declaration of basic principles of justice for victims of crime and the abuse of power. Footnotes, references, appendixes