This report presents the results of both drug urinalysis and self-report information from adult male and female arrestees and juvenile male arrestees/detainees in 23 major metropolitan sites of the ADAM (Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring) Program for 1997.
This is the first annual ADAM report since the Drug Use Forecasting (DUF) program was expanded and re-engineered into ADAM. The last 12 months have been spent putting into place elements of the new program, including plans to add sites in Albuquerque, Anchorage, Des Moines, Laredo, Las Vegas, Minneapolis, Oklahoma City, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, Seattle, Spokane, and Tucson. The importance of a local perspective in studying the Nation's drug problem is apparent from a review of 1997 ADAM results. Methamphetamine use continues to be seen primarily among arrestees in Western U.S. cities, with the high rates of previous years holding steady in San Diego, Los Angeles, San Jose, Portland, and Phoenix. Use of cocaine, a drug that DUF data showed to have spread through the arrestee population in epidemics of varying timing and duration, has rebounded for youthful arrestees in several sites where it had previously been subsiding. Meanwhile, opiate use shows signs of increase in a number of communities beyond the traditional strongholds of Manhattan, Chicago, and Portland. Work is currently underway in ADAM to introduce a new sampling strategy that will provide representative samples at the site county level and greater ability to make site-to-site comparisons. The ADAM interview instrument is being redesigned to focus on issues of interest to policymakers and practitioners. Extensive tabular data from ADAM sites
Date Published: July 1, 1998