DOJ launched CTAS in 2010 to improve the flexibility of its grant process in order to better serve the criminal justice needs of federally recognized tribes. Under CTAS, tribes and tribal consortia can, for the first time, submit a single application for most of DOJ's tribal grant programs. CTAS enables tribes and DOJ to have a better understanding of the tribes' overall public safety needs. CTAS is not a program, but is rather an overarching structure under which 10 separate grant program applications are submitted. "Area 3" of the 10 areas of CTAS is the "Tribal Justice Systems," which is administered by DOJ's Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA). The overall purpose of Area 3 is to provide key funding to Tribal justice systems for the development, support, and improvement of adult and juvenile Tribal justice systems and the prevention of violent crime and crime related to opioid, alcohol, and other substance abuse. Key partners can include law enforcement; pretrial services; risk and needs assessment development and implementation; diversion programming; Tribal prosecutors; Tribal court services; detention programming; community corrections reentry planning and programming; justice system infrastructure improvement; and justice system information-sharing. A key component of the Tribal Justice Systems focus is the provision of training and technical assistance (TTA). BJA-funded TTA providers respond to those who request assistance. The National American Indian Court Judges Association (NAICJA) is the lead TTA provider for Area 3 activities. Contact information is provided for the NAICJA TTA resources, along with two other TTA providers for Area 3 activities.