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Correctional Populations in the United States, 2016

NCJ Number
Date Published
April 2018
Danielle Kaeble; Mary Cowhig
Publication Series
Publication Type
Statistics, Report (Summary), Report (Annual/Periodic)
This report by the U.S. Justice Department's Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) presents statistics on persons supervised by U.S. adult correctional systems at year-end 2016, including persons supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in state or federal prisons or local jails.
In 2016, the number of persons supervised by U.S. adult correctional systems decreased for the ninth consecutive year. From 2007 to 2016, the portion of the adult population supervised by U.S. adult correctional systems decreased 18 percent, from 3,210 to 2,640 per 100,000 U.S. adult residents. The percentage of adults supervised by the U.S. correctional system was lower in 2016 than at any time since 1993. The incarceration rate has declined since 2009 and is currently at its lowest rate since 1996. On December 31, 2016, an estimated 6,613,500 persons were supervised by U.S. adult correctional systems, about 62,700 fewer persons than on January 1, 2016. The statistics presented in this report include data from various BJS data collections. Each collection relies on the voluntary participation of federal, state, and local respondents. 9 tables and 1 figure
Date Created: April 26, 2018