U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Juvenile Court Placement of Adjudicated Youth, 1990-1999

NCJ Number
Date Published
September 2003
2 pages
Charles M. Puzzanchera
Publication Type
This Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Fact Sheet reports on the juvenile court placement of adjudicated youth between 1990 and 1999.
There are a variety of disposition options available in juvenile court. In 1999, of the 639,100 adjudicated delinquency cases, 24 percent resulted in an out-of-home placement. Of the other adjudicated delinquency cases, 62 percent resulted in an order of probation; 10 percent received some other disposition, such as restitution or fines; and 4 percent were released without sanction. The delineation of disposition outcome by offense reveals that out-of-home placement was ordered in 22 percent of cases involving drug offenses, 23 percent of property offense cases, 26 percent of cases involving an offense to a person, and 27 percent of public order cases. In comparison to 1990, although the number of out-of-home placements grew between 1990 and 1999, the overall proportion of cases resulting in out-of-home placement actually decreased from 32 percent in 1990 to 24 percent in 1999. Cases involving drug offenses represented the largest percentage increase (73 percent) of out-of-home placements between 1990 and 1999. Further comparisons between 1990 and 1999 indicate that the number of out-of-home placements increased across all racial groups; in 1999, 61 percent of adjudicated cases involving White youth resulted in out-of-home placement, compared to 36 percent involving Black youth and 3 percent involving youth of other races. The number of adjudicated cases resulting in out-of-home placement increased more for White youth (31 percent) than for Black youth (17 percent) between 1990 and 1999. Out-of-home placement decreased by 2 percent for youth of other races during this period. Resources for more information are listed. Tables
Date Created: August 6, 2014