U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Law Enforcement Intelligence: A Guide for State, Local, and Tribal Law Enforcement Agencies (Third Edition)

NCJ Number
Date Published
August 2021
491 pages
David L. Carter
Publication Series
Publication Type
Grant Number(s)

Collectively, the 15 chapters of this third edition of the Guide provide information that will aid a law enforcement agency in developing and operating an intelligence function that is efficient, effective, and lawful.


Chapter 1 provides definitions and context for the current state of the domestic intelligence enterprise for law enforcement. It addresses the context for intelligence applications for various types of crimes, and illustrates their relationships to crime analysis. Chapter 2 provides a historical perspective that addresses past abuses by law enforcement intelligence, a framework for national recommendations and professional standards for intelligence practices, and the identification of working groups and committees that are framing the current intelligence model. Chapter 3 describes each phase of the intelligence cycle and the processes that apply to law enforcement agencies. Chapter 4, a new chapter in this third edition, provides a five-point model for technological applications in intelligence, with a focus on new and emerging technological applications. Chapters 5 and 6 combine the diverse literature on intelligence=led policing (ILP) to provide a holistic view. Chapter 7 broadly examines the issues by identifying the concerns expressed by community members and illustrating some of the problems facing intelligence operations. Chapter 8 describes the fusion concept and the processes by which a fusion center operates, as well as some concerns of critics. Chapter 9 discusses the recommendations, issues, processes, and illustrations for public-private intelligence partnerships; and Chapter 10 also discusses these issues in the context of best practices and national standards. Chapter 11 discusses intelligence products based on threat assessments; and Chapter 12 discusses these issues in detail. Remaining chapters address federal intelligence resources, the uniqueness of intelligence management issues, and critical issues for the future and a model for implementing change. Appended audit checklists

Date Created: August 6, 2021