This report summarizes facts on the prevalence of persons ("co-victims") who have lost a family member or friend to homicide, the harms and consequences they experience from the homicide, the nature and availability of services for co-victims, and areas where this domain of victim services needs to improve.
This report indicates that approximately 1 in 10 Americans will lose a loved one to homicide during their lifetime. Black and Latino individuals are more likely to be co-victims, and they also face more barriers to support services. Although police and court personnel can assist co-victims, lengthy investigations and trials may cause further ("secondary") trauma. Few services specifically address the distinctive needs of homicide co-victims, and such services are rarely evaluated; however, a group therapy program has shown promise in improving co-victims' psychological well-being. "Wrap-around" services are recommended for addressing their needs in navigating the media and criminal justice elements of their cases, along with evaluations to determine their effectiveness. 11 references
- Emotion Dysregulation and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: a Test of the Incremental Role of Difficulties Regulating Positive Emotions
- An Examination of the Role of Difficulties Regulating Positive Emotions in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
- Dating Abuse and Harassment Among Sexual and Gender Minority US College Students