In 1994, Congress enacted the Violence Against Women Act, which requires all U.S. States and territories to give "full faith and credit" to all valid orders of protection issued by other jurisdictions. It is important that protection orders be entered into the Protection Order File of the National Crime Information Center (NCIC), since this is the best way to ensure that a record of its existence can be confirmed by law enforcement agencies across the Nation. The National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS), which is mandated under the Brady Act, is used by Federal Firearms Licensees (FFLs) to instantly determine whether a prospective buyer is eligible to receive firearms or explosives. Protection orders that do not qualify for entry into the NCIC may be placed in the NICS Index. Unlike NCIC entries, protection orders in the NICS Index do not require 24/7 hit confirmations, and they are not subject to the same rigorous validation rules of the NCIC. Several States have improved protection-order reporting over the past few years, and Federal grant funds have enabled States to develop strategies for overcoming the barriers to reporting protection orders to NCIC. Examples of such strategies are presented in this report for West Virginia, New York, Nebraska, and Hawaii.