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Veterans in State and Federal Prison, 2004

NCJ Number
Date Published
May 2007
16 pages
Margaret E. Noonan; Christopher J. Mumola
Publication Series
Using the 2004 Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities, this report presents data on the military and criminal backgrounds of incarcerated veterans, uses new measures to describe their substance abuse and dependence histories, and provides a detailed measure of their mental health problems.
The report compares incarceration rates for veterans and nonveterans in the United States populations and describes trends from 1986 to 2004 in the prevalence of military service among inmates. The report also examines characteristics of incarcerated veterans who served in the 1990-91 Gulf War and the Afghanistan/Iraq operations since 2001. Highlights include the following: (1) the percentage of veterans among State and Federal prisoners has steadily declined over the past three decades, according to national surveys of prison inmates conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics; (2) in 2001, 10 percent of State prisoners reported prior service in the U.S. Armed Forces, down from 12 percent in 1997 and 20 percent in 1986; and (3) the majority of veterans in State (54 percent) and Federal (64 percent) prison served during a wartime period, but a much lower percentage reported seeing combat duty (20 percent of State prisoners and 26 percent of Federal). Tables, figures

Date Created: December 16, 2009