This report details characteristics of inmates, including demographics, conviction status, and most serious offense. It also reports data on jail facilities, such as rated capacity, facility functions, and jail staff.
- At midyear 2019, a total of 734,470 persons were confined in local jails, and another 38,660 persons were supervised in programs outside of jail.
- From 2005 to 2019, the jail incarceration rate increased 10% for whites, 24% for American Indians and Alaska Natives, and 7% for Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders. The rate decreased 25% for blacks, 33% for Hispanics, and 38% for Asians.
- At midyear 2019, about a third of jail inmates (253,730) were sentenced or awaiting sentencing on a conviction, while about two-thirds (480,740) were unconvicted, awaiting court action on a current charge or held for other reasons.
- At midyear 2019, 97,540 inmates (13% of the total inmate population) were jailed for violating probation, and 28,950 (4% of the total inmate population) were jailed for violating parole.
Part of the BJS Census of Jails series.