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Community Corrections in China: Development and Challenges

NCJ Number
247444
Journal
The Prison Journal Volume: 94 Issue: 1 Dated: March 2014 Pages: 75-96
Author(s)
Shanhe Jiang; Deping Xiang; Qi Chen; Chengxiang Huang; Shengyong Yang; Dawei Zhang; Anna Zhao
Date Published
March 2014
Length
22 pages
Annotation
Based on a literature review of Chinese language publications and face-to-face interviews with local community corrections leaders and officers in Hubei, China, this is an exploratory study of community corrections in mainland China.
Abstract
China has long utilized community-based corrections for offenders. Before 2003, however, the practice lacked formalization and professionalization. Since 2003, prison overcrowding, a need for cost-effectiveness, and a move toward a more civilized method of reforming offenders have sped up China's use of community corrections. Based on a literature review of Chinese language publications and face-to-face interviews with local community corrections leaders and officers in Hubei, China, this is an exploratory study of community corrections in mainland China. The authors briefly examine the practice's developmental history and five types of sanctionspublic surveillance, probation, parole, temporary execution of a sentence outside a confinement facility, and deprivation of political rights. China's community corrections' characteristics and implementation are investigated. Finally, the article discusses problems and challenges to China's community corrections system. Abstract published by arrangement with Sage Journals.