U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Correctional Populations in the United States, 2022 – Statistical Tables

NCJ Number
Emily D. Buehler; Rich Kluckow
Date Published
May 2024
22 pages

This report summarizes data on populations supervised by probation or parole agencies and those incarcerated in state or federal prisons or in the custody of local jails. It presents data on the number of persons supervised by adult correctional systems from 2012 to 2022 and on their correctional status (i.e., in prison, in local jail, on parole, or on probation). The report also includes tables on sex and race or ethnicity of persons supervised by correctional systems. BJS has published statistics on correctional populations since 1985.


  • The rate of persons under supervision of adult correctional systems was 2,060 per 100,000 adult U.S. residents at yearend 2022, the fifteenth year of decline since the high of 3,210 per 100,000 under supervision in 2007.
  • At yearend 2022, more than two-thirds of persons under correctional supervision were supervised in the community on probation or parole (3,668,800), while almost one-third (1,827,600) were incarcerated in state or federal prisons or local jails.
  • While the total community supervision population decreased 2% from yearend 2021 to yearend 2022, the incarcerated population increased 3% due to a 4% increase in the number of persons held in local jails and a 2% increase in persons held in prisons.
  • There were about 954,000 fewer persons on probation in 2022 than in 2012.