The authors examined patient- and facility-level correlates of specialty substance use disorder (SUD) outpatient treatment receipt (at least 1 visit) and engagement (visit count) for female Veterans Health Administration patients in 2008. Overall, 33 percent of 15,653 females with SUD received specialty SUD outpatient treatment. Treatment receipt and engagement were positively related to being age 31 to 55, having a psychiatric comorbidity, and receiving treatment at facilities providing women's services. Additional facility-level factors related to treatment receipt were treatment at a facility with comorbid psychiatric services and more licensed psychosocial treatment providers per patient. More prescribers per patient was associated with more treatment engagement. Abstract published by arrangement with Taylor and Francis.