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Doing Time and the Unemployment Line: The Impact of Incarceration on Ex-Inmates Employment Outcomes

NCJ Number
Crime & Delinquency Volume: 65 Issue: 5 Dated: 2019 Pages: 705-728
Amanda. D. Emmert
Date Published
24 pages
This study measured the influence multiple incarcerations and age at first incarceration had on the lengths of time ex-inmates were unemployed and the amount of time ex-inmates spent looking for employment.
Fixed-effects analyses of longitudinal data from the Rochester Youth Development Study (RYDS) found a relationship between incarceration at younger ages and longer non-employment experiences, but no association between incarcerations between 23 and 32 years old and non-employment lengths. On the other hand, those individuals who experienced incarceration younger spent time looking for employment equivalent to their never-incarcerated peers, despite having nonequivalent periods without employment. (publisher abstract modified)