U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Doing Time and the Unemployment Line: The Impact of Incarceration on Ex-Inmates Employment Outcomes

NCJ Number
Crime & Delinquency Volume: 65 Issue: 5 Dated: 2019 Pages: 705-728
Amanda. D. Emmert
Date Published
24 pages
This study measured the influence multiple incarcerations and age at first incarceration had on the lengths of time ex-inmates were unemployed and the amount of time ex-inmates spent looking for employment.
Fixed-effects analyses of longitudinal data from the Rochester Youth Development Study (RYDS) found a relationship between incarceration at younger ages and longer non-employment experiences, but no association between incarcerations between 23 and 32 years old and non-employment lengths. On the other hand, those individuals who experienced incarceration younger spent time looking for employment equivalent to their never-incarcerated peers, despite having nonequivalent periods without employment. (publisher abstract modified)