International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice Volume: 36 Issue: 2 Dated: May 2012 Pages: 121-132
This research focused on the likelihood of game wardens using physical force.
This research seeks to understand what suspect characteristics may increase the likelihood of game wardens using physical force. The data come from 241 self-reports from the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission Division of Law Enforcement from 2002 to 2009. The incidents were analyzed based on suspect age, race, level of verbal and physical resistance, and the involvement of drugs/alcohol during the encounter. The results indicated that verbal force only was used in 37 percent of the events and physical force was used in 63 percent of the incidents. A logistic regression found physical force was most often used against men offering some type of verbal and/or physical resistance or when there was some involvement with drugs/alcohol; however, the effects of age and race were not generalizable beyond the sample. With almost no empirical research in this area, additional studies are needed in this underexplored area before more definitive conclusions can be reached. Abstract published by arrangement with Taylor and Francis.
United States of America