The current study uses a sample of 242 elder financial abuse cases and 314 elder physical abuse cases handled by fraud control units to shed some light on the dynamics of elder financial exploitation and the way the justice system processes these cases. Attention also is given to the way that the processing of elder financial exploitation cases can be distinguished from the processing of elder physical abuse cases. Results show that a wide range of elder financial exploitations cases are committed, and these cases should be broadly defined. Implications are provided. Abstract published by arrangement with Taylor and Francis.