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Five Things About Vaping and Electronic Cigarettes

NCJ Number
Date Published
August 2023
2 pages

This fact sheet from the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) presents research into electronic cigarettes and vaping.


Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have expanded in popularity since first entering the U.S. market in 2006. E-cigarettes convert a liquid solution into an aerosol that users inhale — a process known as vaping. Vaping has emerged as a serious public health issue that has dramatically changed the substance use landscape. Recent research on vaping has shown: 1. Personal vaporizers are being used to inhale drugs other than nicotine; 2. E-cigarettes can deliver most drugs of abuse effectively and with increased potency; 3. Users often unknowingly consume unlabeled solvents and other chemicals through vaping; 4. E-cigarette technology has evolved, and consumer demand has expanded faster than regulatory action, leaving significant gaps in consumer knowledge and awareness; and 5. For effective prevention and treatment purposes, public health and public safety stakeholders must understand the impact of vaping in their communities.