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Grants in the War on Crime: The New Orleans Experience 1968-1988

NCJ Number
L Marye
Date Published
131 pages
This report focuses on the development of the criminal justice grant process in New Orleans and describes the utilization of grant funds from 1968-1988.
This document describes how New Orleans became a national model for planning change and improvements in the criminal and juvenile justice systems. Historical perspectives of the war on crime are presented, including such measures as the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, the Crime Control Act of 1973 and 1976, and the Justice Assistance Act of 1984. The creation of State and regional planning units, begun in 1968, arose from the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968. The Criminal Justice Coordinating Council was formed after it was found that the needs of New Orleans could not be addressed through these units. The local process by which major grants were funded is described. It is noted that grant funds were not awarded regularly, due to such factors as shifting emphasis in the Congress, changes in the Federal administration, and variations in distribution formulas. The upgrading of the New Orleans Police Department, changes in the organization of the Criminal District Court, and initiatives on drug enforcement were some of the areas to which grant funds were directed. Special emphasis was given to the juvenile justice system. For example, the Juvenile Court received substantial grant funds for use in developing an efficient management information system. A summary of direct and indirect benefits of the targeted use of funds is presented. It is noted that many improvements have been made in the system, but there is still more to accomplish. 12 appendixes.