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Guide for Developing High-Quality Emergency Operations Plans for Institutions of Higher Education

NCJ Number
Date Published
June 2013
95 pages
This guide is intended for planning teams at institutions of higher education (IHEs) that are responsible for developing and revising an emergency operation plan (EOP).
The guide's first section presents the principles of emergency management planning for IHEs. These principles are the key to developing a comprehensive EOP that addresses a range of threats and hazards. The guide's second section takes the planning team through a process for developing, implementing, and continually refining an EOP with community partners. These partners include first responders (e.g., law enforcement officers, fire officials, and EMS personnel); emergency managers; public health officials; and mental health officials, as well as other local government officials and community organizations. This collaboration expands the resources available and ensures cooperation among all responders. The guide's third section discusses the content of EOPs. It includes the basic plan; introductory material; the purpose and situation overview; the concept of operations; the organization and assignment of responsibilities; direction, control, and coordination; information collection, analysis, and dissemination; training and exercises; administration, finance, and logistics; plan development and maintenance; and authorities and references. The concluding section considers key topics that support emergency management for IHEs, including the Clery Act, information sharing, international students, psychological first aid, campus climate, campus law enforcement officers, and active shooter situations. 4 tables and 2 figures