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HOPE for Probation: How Hawaii Improved Behavior with High-Probability, Low-Severity Sanctions

NCJ Number
Journal of Global Drug Policy and Practice Volume: 4 Issue: 3 Dated: Fall 2010 Pages: 1-5
Angela Hawken, Ph.D.
Date Published
5 pages
This paper describes HOPE and documents interviews with two individuals responsible for putting HOPE into practice: Judge Steven S. Alm, creator of HOPE, and Cheryl Inouye, supervisor of the probation unit that managed the first HOPE caseloads.
Inflation-adjusted spending on corrections in the United States has more than doubled over the past two decades. Concern over the cost of corrections has forced policy makers to consider alternatives to incarceration for drug offenders and make efforts to improve the performance of community supervision. The challenge is to find ways to keep drug offenders out of jail and prison without compromising public safety. Hawaii has achieved this goal, using an innovative low-cost approach that dramatically improves probationer compliance and reduces drug use and crime. The program is called Hawaii's Opportunity Probation with Enforcement, known as HOPE. (Published Abstract) 20 references