U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Institutionalizing Place-Based Approaches: Opening a Case on a Gun Crime Hot Spot

NCJ Number
Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice Volume: 9 Issue: 3 Dated: September 2015 Pages: 242-254
Christopher S. Koper; Jeffery Egge; Cynthia Lum
Date Published
September 2015
13 pages
In order to illustrate how a police agency might develop interventions tailored to specific places, this article describes preliminary efforts by the Minneapolis Police Department (MPD) to build investigative case files on hot spots of gun violence.
Despite the advancement of hot spot policing in research and practice, more effort is needed to develop and institutionalize hot spot strategies and to make problem places a more central focus of daily police operations. Toward this end, this article advocates a 'case of place' strategy that broadens the focus of investigative work to include places as well as people. This approach entails systematic investigation and tracking of hot spots to develop problem-solving interventions tailored to specific places. In the current illustration of such an effort, the Minneapolis Police Department identified the city's top street segments for shootings over 25 years, and examined selected aspects of their criminal histories and features. This article discusses the implications of this work for addressing gun violence at these locations and developing investigative systems to strengthen hot spot policing. (Publisher abstract modified)