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Jails Report Series: Preliminary Data Release

NCJ Number
Zhen Zeng
Date Published
September 2023

This web-only report provides preliminary statistics on key items from the annual jail data collection. Statistics include the number of inmates held in local jails, by inmate demographics and conviction status; the number of admissions to jail; and jail incarceration rates, between 2012 and 2022. Final statistics will be published in the report, Jail Inmates in 2022 – Statistical Tables.


  • At midyear 2022, local jails held 663,100 persons in custody, 4% more than the year before.
  • Jails reported 7.3 million admissions from July 2021 to June 2022. While this represents a 6.6% increase over the 6.9 million admissions the year before, annual admissions were 37% lower than 10 years ago (11.6 million).
  • Local jails held 92,900 females at midyear 2022, accounting for 14% of the inmate population. From 2021 to 2022, the number of females in jail increased 9%, while the number of males increased 3%.
  • At midyear 2022, 30% of the jail population (197,000) were convicted, either serving a sentence or awaiting sentencing on a conviction, while 70% of the population (466,100) were unconvicted, awaiting court action on a current charge or held in jail for other reasons.