U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Local Police Department Personnel, 2020

NCJ Number
Sean E. Goodison
Date Published
November 2022
26 pages

This report provides data on full-time sworn officers and civilians employed by local police departments. It presents data on the number, sex, race or Hispanic origin, and responsibilities of full-time personnel at local police departments. The report also provides information on the policies and procedures that local police departments adopted in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.


  • Local police departments in the United States employed about 473,000 full-time sworn officers and 126,000 full-time civilian personnel in 2020.
  • Almost half (46%) of all local police departments employed fewer than 10 full-time-equivalent sworn officers.
  • In local police departments serving 250,000 or more residents, about 16% of police chiefs were female.
  • About 14% of full-time sworn officers and 11% of first-line supervisors across local police departments were female.